Wine is one of the most popular drinks in the world, and people love to try new varieties. Wine tasting can be a fun activity for friends or family members to do together, or an event that singles attend with their significant other.

There are many different types of wines to choose from, so you’re sure to find something that suits your taste. In this blog post, we’ll explore some wine basics before jumping into a list of our favorite types and flavors!

different wine varieties

The 20 Most Popular Wines in the World

Cabernet Sauvignon

It may be surprising to see this French-origin grape as the reigning king of red wine, but today Cabernet Sauvignon grows all over the world. You can find it in unexpected places such as Lebanon and China for a new kind of experience with your favorite drink.

Cabernet Sauvignon is a full-bodied wine with flavors of blackcurrant, cedarwood and tobacco. It’s typically aged for 12 months in oak barrels to give it that signature flavor profile before being bottled up!

This grape variety pairs well when served alongside dishes like grilled steak or lamb chops – just be sure not to overdo the pairing as Cab Sav can overpower other foods on your plate if you’re too generous pouring out glasses during dinner time…


merlot wine

Merlot is known for its boisterous cherry fruit flavors and refined tannin texture, but it’s often overshadowed by Cabernet Sauvignon.

This “other” Bordeaux variety produces exceptional wines that are age-worthy to most wine enthusiasts regardless of their preference in the grape varieties.


From the Castilla-La Mancha region of Spain, Airén is one of the least known grapes in all grape varieties. Grown on arid high plains, these vines are spread far apart to survive and thrive.

Airén wines are often crisp and dry with a high acidity. They can be found in the form of sparkling wine, rosé or white varietal styles that range from light to full bodied depending on how much time they spend aging before release into marketplaces around Spain’s capital city Madrid.


The Tempranillo is Spain’s most planted and highly prized red variety. Wines range in style from rosé to red, but the two champion regions of Rioja and Ribera del Duero are perhaps best known for their production.

Tempranillo wines are often full bodied with a deep, rich color. They can be found in the form of rosé or red varietal styles that range from light to medium-bodied depending on how much time they spend aging before release into marketplaces around Spain’s capital city Madrid, and Rioja region.



The world’s favorite white wine originated in Burgundy, France. Here the wines were traditionally aged in oak barriques (barrels).

This has made Chardonnay one of the boldest styles of white wine that you may find around today.

The Chardonnay grape is also grown in California, Australia, and New Zealand. Here the wines are often more delicate than those from France with a crisp acidity that balances out their fruit flavors well enough to be enjoyed as an everyday wine or at any time of day!


Syrah wine

The Northern Rhône region of France is where the Syrah grape first flourished and became popular. It was introduced in Australia as Shiraz, which means “red” or “deep red wine.”

Syrah is a dark-skinned grape that produces wines with deep, rich flavors and aromas.

It can be found in many regions of the world, but it’s most commonly grown on France’s Northern Rhône Valley, where its best known for producing full bodied red wine blends such as Cote du Nuits Saint Georges or Hermitage!


This wine is a lighter-colored red with high-toned aromas of berry and blackberry. These grape lacks tannin but makes up for it in zingy acidity, which blends nicely with Syrah or Monastrell grapes!

Sauvignon Blanc

Sauvignon Blanc is in the vanguard of wine grape varieties. Recently it was identified as being a parent to Cabernet Sauvingnon – meaning that this gem from France may be even more prized than we know!

This wine is a light-colored white with high aromas of grapefruit and gooseberry. It has low tannin but makes up for it in zingy acidity, which blends nicely when paired alongside Chardonnay or Pinot Gris grapes.

Trebbiano Toscano

This lesser-known grape is best known for being the basis of Balsamic vinegar and French Brandy. Ironically, it’s also used in Cognac production to make Ugni Blanc as well as a variety of other sweet wines.

This grape is a light-colored white with high aromas of honeysuckle and apricot. It has low tannin but makes up for it in zingy acidity, which blends nicely when paired alongside Sauvignon Blanc or Chennin Blanc grapes!

Pinot Noir

Pinot Noir

The Pinot Noir grape is a finicky one that prefers cooler climates. The resulting red wine has brilliant fruit flavors and floral notes, making it immensely popular around the world!

It’s also used in Champagne production to make Rosé as well some of France’s most famous sweet wines like Sauternes or Barsac (a variety made with white grapes)

Cabernet Franc

The French have been making wine for centuries. One of their most popular is Cabernet Franc, which adds a peppery perfume and notes to the robust blends that make up Bordeaux wines.

Cabernet Franc is also the grape behind some of France’s most famous sweet wines like Sauterne or Barsac (a variety made with white grapes) and can be used to make rosy Champagne. It’s a versatile wine that pairs well alongside many different dishes!


Chile has a long history with Carménère, consistently producing many wines available today. Considered part of the original six red grapes that make up Bordeaux wine.

As Chile’s industry continues to grow, more experimentation is being carried out on how this grape can be used in different blends and mixes.

Carménère has a deep, rich color and is often described as having flavors of blackcurrant or cherry. It can be used to make both red wine blends like Cabernet Sauvignon with Carménerèe (known in Chile’s native language simply by the name “Mataró Red Wine).


Gewürztraminer is a grape with red, pink, or white skin and it grows best in cooler climates. It produces wines that are usually off-dry and have an aroma of lychees as well as other fruits, depending on the specific climate they grow in.

Gewürztraminers taste great when paired with cheese sauce which can be rich from butterfat but not too salty because its sweet flavor balances out saltiness very nicely.

Additionally, meat like wild game goes well together!


Grenache is a variety of wine with notes like raspberry and strawberry that thrive in dry, hot climates. It produces wines with high alcohol content and subtle white pepper spice flavors.

Grenache wines are often paired with dishes that have a lot of fat, like duck or lamb. It also pairs well when served alongside spicy foods and even chocolate desserts!


Malbec is a red wine grape variety grown in France and Argentina. The deep color, ample tannin, and plum-like flavor Malbec adds to claret blends are what make it so popular with producers around the world.

Malbec was primarily developed as an Argentine varietal but has since been adopted by producers all over the globe for its deeply colored wines that have rich flavors of black currant or plums which go especially well when blended into claret varieties like Cabernet Sauvignon or Merlot.

Muscat Ottonel

Muscat Ottonel grapes are used in both dry and sweet wines. This grape variety is commonly found as an ingredient in dessert wine made from Austria, Bulgaria, Romania, Croatia, and Serbia. It was first cultivated by the Loire grower Moreau-Robert in 1852 when he crossbred Chasselas with Muscat de Saumur to produce this fragrant white variety.

It has a high sugar content and can be made into sweet wine with residual sugars up to 66 grams per liter, which makes it an excellent choice for dessert or after-dinner drinks.


Nebbiolo is an Italian red wine grape variety that produces deeply colored wines with a high tannin content. The grapes are often harvested in late September and early October.

This has led to some people describing them as “autumn” or “winter” vintages because the vintage includes harvest time during fall months when most other major crop varieties have been finished for the year.

This wine can be aromatically smoky due to their high levels of tar flavor notes, but there’s also delicate black fruit flavors like cherry pie filling mixed into it too!

Nebbiolo wines are often aged in oak barrels for a few years. This gives the wine an amber color and flavors like vanilla, toffee or butterscotch that come from aging on wood chips soaked with new American bourbon whiskey.


Pinotage is a deep red grape variety that comes from South Africa and was bred in 1925. It has been described as smoky, brambly, earthy with notes of bananas or tropical fruit sometimes. Pinotages are often blended into fortified wine or even sparkling wine.

The wine is a deep red color and has flavors of black cherry, raspberry, or cranberry. It can be aged in oak barrels for up to five years which gives it an amber hue with vanilla notes from the wood chips soaked by new American bourbon whiskey!

Pinot Grigio / Gris

The Grauburgunder grape is also known as Grey Burgundy. This variety produces wines that range from ripe tropical fruit notes like melon and mango, to some botrytis-influenced flavors (also known as “Noble Rot”). Grown around the world, this wine’s flavor varies depending on where it’s grown.

The Pinot Grigio grape is the most popular white wine in Italy. It’s also grown around France, Australia and California where it produces a lighter style of this variety that has flavors like green apples or pear.


The delicious and refreshing white wine Riesling is an aromatic grape variety originating from the Rhine region of Germany. This type of drink can be enjoyed in different forms, including dry, semi-sweet, sweet, or even sparkling to suit your taste buds!

The Riesling grape is also grown in the United States, Australia, and New Zealand. The flavor of this variety ranges from a light to medium dry style with flavors like honey or applesauce that pairs well as an accompaniment for seafood dishes!


Although the grape sémillon is native to France, it’s also used in sweet wines around the world. In Australia for example they make dry white wine with a golden-skinned sémillon and grapes infected by botrytis which are needed to create Sauternes.

The sémillon grape is also used to make sweet wines in the United States, such as those made by Chateau Ste. Michelle and Columbia Winery! The flavor of these varieties can range from a light-bodied wine with flavors like honey or apples that pairs well when served alongside seafood dishes.


Like Chardonnay, this white wine grape variety has the potential to produce full-bodied wines with a lush, soft character. In contrast to Chardonnay, Viognier varietal has more natural aromatics that include notes of peach and pears.


The Zinfandel grape is a black-skinned wine variety grown in over 10% of California vineyards, and typically produces robust red wines. In the United States, there are six times as many White Zin sales than Red: this semi-sweet rosé has deep berry fruit flavors that make it perfect for warm summer days.

Understanding Wine Makes It Taste Better

Wine is more than just a pleasant drink that you can enjoy with your family. It’s an art form, and it deserves to be enjoyed for all its complexities. For example, did you know studies show when people describe the tastes of red wine in detail, they are able to discern certain flavors better?

Four main types of wine

Red Wines

Red wines are made from dark-skinned grapes with a deep purple hue. A good red wine is sweet, dry and has hints of oak or musk in the flavor profile.

The best red wines are made from grapes grown in the cooler regions of France, Italy, and Spain. These countries have a long history with making wine, so they know what it takes to make an excellent one!

The most popular grape for this type is Cabernet Sauvignon because its deep color makes up about 60% of worldwide production.

White Wines

The very first white wines were made from light-colored grapes that had been left to ferment until they turned clear or yellowish in color.

The most popular grape for this type is Chardonnay because its light color makes up about 60% of worldwide white wine production as well.

Rose Wines

rose wines

The grapes used to make rose wines are typically red. The juice is left in contact with the grape skins, which add color and tannins to the wine.

Rose wines are typically served at room temperature because they taste best when their flavors have had a chance to develop fully with time in the bottle or barrel.

Sparkling Wines

sparkling wines

Sparkling wine is the perfect drink for a festive evening with friends because of its high levels of carbon dioxide, which create an effervescent sensation that people find fun.

There are two types of sparkling wines: Champagne and Crémant. The difference between the categories is in their production process—Champagnes use a secondary fermentation, while crèmes employ bottle-fermentation alone to produce bubbles for an elegant finish, with less disruption from yeast cells that can affect flavor.”

The Style of Winemaking

The style of winemaking can be classified as either dry or sweet. Dry wines have little to no residual sugar left after fermentation, while sweet ones are typically either fortified with a distilled spirit or contain natural sugars from grape juice that weren’t converted into alcohol.

Some people enjoy this taste more than others; for those who do not it becomes an issue of preference and personal tastes.

Conclusion – Wine Varieties

As you can see from our list above, there are many types of wine that come in a variety of styles.

Each person has their own preferences as to what they enjoy drinking, so it’s important that you try many different types before making your decision on which one suits best for the situation and occasion!

Frequently Asked Questions

Which Starter Wine Should You Buy?

If you’re on a budget, buy red wines from Chile or Argentina.
If you want to try something new, buy a Sauvignon Blanc from Chile or New Zealand.
If you like sweet wine, buy an Australian Shiraz.
If you want a more expensive wine, buy French Bordeaux wines.

What Is Dessert Wine and Sparkling Wine?

Dessert wine is a sweet, fortified wine that can be served with dessert or on its own.
Sparkling wines are made by adding carbon dioxide to the wine before it ferments.
These wines are best served with desserts or appetizers. They have a tangy taste that makes any meal more festive! Dessert wine is usually made from grapes, such as Shiraz and Riesling . Sparking Wine can be dry (not too sweet) to semi-sweet because they’re not fortified like dessert varieties of white grape juice.

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